दीपावली व्रत

Lakshmi Pooja, or the worship of the goddess of wealth, is the main event on Diwali in India. It is extremely important to keep the house spotlessly clean and pure on Diwali. Goddess Lakshmi likes cleanliness, and she will visit the cleanest house first. This is also the reason why the broom is worshiped on this day with offerings of haldi and kumkum (turmeric and vermilion). Lamps are lit in the evening to welcome the goddess. They are believed to light up her path. Ganesha is worshiped at the beginning of every auspicious act as Vighnaharta.

Diwali or Deepavali, the festival of "rows of lights" (Deep = Lamp, Vali =Array), is one of the most important of all Hindu festivals. It is also a significant festival for the Sikh and Jain faiths. Of all the festivals celebrated in India, Diwali is by far the most glamorous and important, enthusiastically enjoyed by people of every religion.

Diwali is celebrated 20 days after Dussehra, on the 13th day of the dark fortnight of the month of Ashwin (October / November). Diwali is a New Year festival in the Vikrama calendar, where it falls on the night of the new moon in the month of Kartika.

It is a festival of lights celebrating the victory of good over evil, light over darkness, and knowledge over ignorance. On this day homes are decorated, sweets are distributed by everyone and thousands of lamps lit to create a world of fantasy. The festival symbolizes unity in diversity as every state celebrates it in its own special way.

Five Days Celebration Of Diwali
Diwali is very enthusiastically celebrated for five continuous days and each day has its significance with a number of myths, legends and beliefs.

  • The First Day : Dhanteras
  • The Second Day : Narak Chaudas or Chhoti Diwali
  • The Third Day : Diwali or Deepavali
  • The Fourth Day : Padwa or Varshapratipada
  • The Fourth Day : Bhai Dooj

Facts About Diwali / Deepavali

  • Sanskrit word Deepavali means an row of lights that stands for victory of brightness over darkness.
  • Diwali is considered the national festival of India
  • Diwali signifies the renewal of life. Homes are thoroughly cleaned on Diwali.
  • In north India, Diwali celebrates Rama's return from fourteen years of exile to Ayodhya after the defeat of Ravana. It is celebrated with the pooja of goddess Laxmi.
  • In South India, Diwali commemorates the victory of the divine over the mundane
  • For Jains, Diwali marks the attainment of Moksha by the Lord Mahavira.
  • In Nepal Diwali commemorates the victory of Lord Krishna over the demon king Narakaasura.
  • In Bengal, it is celebrated with the pooja of goddess Kali.
  • Sikh celebrates Diwali as the day when their sixth Guru, Guru Har Govind ji came back from the captivity of the fort of Gwalior city. It is believed that the foundation stone of the Golden Temple at Amritsar was laid on Diwali in 1577.
  • Govardhan Puja is celebrated the day after Diwali. It is the day Lord Krishna defeated Indra.

Diwali is not only festival of lights, but also marks the beginning of the Hindu new year.