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vishnu

According to Hindu beliefs, the entire universe is created, conducted, and controlled by the supreme Tridevs (triad Gods), Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiv. Vishnu is responsible for the conduction, maintenance, and preservation of the universe. He is also referred to as Palanhar.

The Rigved refers to Vishnu as the God of the solar system and sometimes as Indra's associate (Upendra) and younger brother (Indranuj). The name Vishnu appears 90 times in this Rigved.

Yajurved, Mahabharat and many other Puranas declare Vishnu as Parmatma and Parmeshwar. He is considered as the basis of the entire creation which is timeless and endless.

Spiritual sources define the physical form of Vishnu as one which is blue bodied and has 4 arms. The 4 hands hold a conch called Panchjanya, a chakra (wheel) called Sudarshan, a mace called Kaumudki and a Padma (lotus) respectively. He wears a Vanmala (floral garland) and a Kaustubh Mani (a jewel) around the neck.

Lord Vishnu rests with his wife Laxmi (goddess of wealth) in the ocean (Ksheersagar) on a huge snake called Anant. He mounts on an eagle called Garuda. He resides in Vaikunthdham from where he runs the functions of the entire universe.

According to the Vaishnav belief, Lord Vishnu is said to assume 5 forms: Para (resident of Vaikunth), Vyuh (conductor and preserver of the universe), Vibhav (various incarnations), Antaryami (existing within all living beings), and Archavatar (in idols).

Various spiritual texts describe Vishnu as one enriched with hundreds of virtues of which the following 10 can be considered the most important: Gyan (knowledge), Aishwarya (opulence, affluence), Urja (energy), Gambhirya (inestimable grandeur), Bal (strength), Veerya (valour, heroism), Tej (splendour), Audarya (generousity), Karunya (compassion) and Nirdosh (absence of negatives).

According to spiritual beliefs, whenever the evil powers take control over the good, in order to protect the good, Vishnu appears as incarnations (avatars). Various texts have a divided opinion on the number of incarnations, each one of them suggesting a different number like 24, 12, 10, 6 etc.

The belief on the 10 incarnations of Vishnu is the most widely accepted and accurately defines the creation of the universe. They are: Matsya, Kachhap, Varah, Narsingh, Vaman, Parshuram, Shri Ram, Shri Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki (to appear in future).

Bhakti (devotion) is the best method for obtaining the blessings of Vishnu. The Bhagwat Puran defines 9 types of Bhaktis (Navdha Bhakti). This has also resulted in the emergence of a number of Vaishnav sects.

Anantshayanam Tiruanantpuram

This Vishnu Temple is in Tiruanantpuram, the capital city of Kerala, and has been named after his 1000-hooded serpent, Anant. The temple gets the name Anantshayanam due to the idol's reclined posture on Anant and the name Padmanabhan Swami due to a lotus emanating from the navel of Vishnu...
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Chitrakoot

Chitrakoot literally means a mountain endowed with natural beauty. It is situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh, 129 km to the South-west of Allahabad. Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar district was renamed as Chitrakoot in 1998. It is also called mini-Banaras due to a large number of temples and ghats...
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Nathdwara

Nathdwara, which means door (dwar) of God (Nath), is an important pilgrimage centre for Vaishnavs. Here, Lord Krishna is worshipped in the Govardhandhari (one who holds the Govardhan Mountain) form and is called Shrinathji. The temple is a beautiful representation of the rich cultural tradition of arid Rajasthan. Here one can...
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Shri Rangam

The sacred Shri Rangam is situated in the state of Tamil Nadu, 7 km from Trichinapally. It is also called Bhu-Vaikunth (God's land) Sri Rangam is 1 of 8 self-risen regions and the foremost of the 108 Divya Desams (divine centres) mentioned in Divya Prabandham, composed by the Alwar saints...
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Tirupati

The world renowned temple of Tirupati Balaji, also known as Venkateshwar and Shri Niwas, is situated in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Tirupati is the name of the city, and the hill on which the Venkateshwar Temple is situated, is called Tirumal. It is the second amongst the 108 Divya-Desams of the Alwar Vaishnav...
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Vishnupad Gaya

Considered as second after Banaras among the holy cities in India, Gaya is situated in the state of Bihar at 100 km to the south of Patna, on the banks of the Falgu River. It is renowned all over India for its Vishnu-pad Temple and Mangla-gauri Shakti Peeth. Situated close by is the world famous Buddhist site Bodhgaya where...
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Anantshayanam Tiruanantpuram

This Vishnu Temple is in Tiruanantpuram, the capital city of...

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Chitrakoot

Chitrakoot literally means a mountain endowed with natural...

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img

Nathdwara

Nathdwara, which means door (dwar) of God (Nath), is an important pilgrimage...

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img

Shri Rangam

The sacred Shri Rangam is situated in the state of Tamil Nadu, 7 km from...

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img

Tirupati

The world renowned temple of Tirupati Balaji, also known as...

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img

Vishnupad Gaya

Considered as second after Banaras among the holy cities in...

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